Pemberian ASI Eksklusif Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Stunting pada Balita di Pulau Mandangin Kabupaten Sampang

Sri Sumarni, Nelyta Oktavianisya, Emdat Suprayitno

Abstract


Stunting is a chronic condition that shows stunted growth and development due to prolonged nutritional deficiencies. Lack of nutritious food intake in babies born normally can cause stunting. Breast milk is a source of nutrition suitable for digestive conditions in infants. Breastfeeding given <6 months contributes to an increased risk of stunting. This study aims to determine the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of stunting on Mandangin Island. The study design was cross-sectional. The sample of this study involved 90 mothers who have children aged 2-5 years. The sampling technique is a simple random sampling technique. Data collection obtained directly from the main source (primary data) is done by interview using a questionnaire. The test used is Chi-Square. The results showed that mothers who did not give exclusive breastfeeding were 47.8% and stunting children were 55.6%. Statistical test results with chi-square p-value = 0,000 (p <0.05) with an OR value of 3.750 which means that children who are not exclusively breastfed have a risk of 3.7 times higher than children who are exclusively breastfed . There is an exclusive ASI relationship with the stunting incident on Mandangin Island.


Keywords


Exclusive breastfeeding, Stunting, Toddler

References


Senbanjo IO, Oshikoya KA, Odusanya OO, Njokanma OF. Prevalence of and risk factors for stunting among school children and adolescents in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria. J Heal Popul Nutr. 2011;

Oktarina Z, Sudiarti T. FAKTOR RISIKO STUNTING PADA BALITA (24—59 BULAN) DI SUMATERA. J Gizi dan Pangan. 2014;

Purwandini K, Kartasurya MI. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MICRONUTRIENT SPRINKLE TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN MOTORIK ANAK STUNTING USIA 12-36 BULAN. J Nutr Coll. 2013;

Adedeji IA, Bashir MF, Shwe DD, John C. Prevalence and correlates of stunting among the school-age population in North-Central Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J. 2018;

Kemenkes RI. Situasi balita pendek (Stunting) di Indonesia. Bul Jendela Data dan Inf Kesehatan Semester I. 2018;

Wiyogowati C. Kejadian Stunting pada Anak Umur dibawah Lima Tahun (0-59 Bulan) di Provinsi Papua Barat Tahun 2010 (Analisa Data Riskesdas 2010). Skripsi pada Fak Kesehat Masy Univ Indones Jakarta Tidak diterbitkan. 2012;

Soyanita E. Pemberian Makanan Pendamping Asi (Mpasi) Sesuai Dengan Usia Bayi Di Desa Bawang Kecamatan Pesantren Kota Kediri. J Heal Sci (Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan). 2019;4(2):8–12.

Rahayu LS, Sofyaningsih M. Pengaruh BBLR (Berat Badan Lahir Rendah) dan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif terhadap Perubahan Status Stunting pada Balita di Kota dan Kabupaten Tangerang Provinsi Banten. Peran Kesehat Masy dalam Pencapaian MDG’s di Indones.

;

Arifin DZ, Irdasari SY, Sukandar H. Analisis Sebaran dan Faktor Risiko Stunting pada Balita di Kabupaten Purwakarta 2012. Progr Stud Magister Ilmu Kesehat Masyarakat, Fak Kedokt Univ padjajaran Bandung. 2012;

Picauly I, Toy SM. ANALISIS DETERMINAN DAN PENGARUH STUNTING TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ANAK SEKOLAH DI KUPANG DAN SUMBA TIMUR, NTT. J Gizi dan Pangan. 2013;

Hidayatunnikmah N. Pendapatan Ekonomi Ibu Menyusui Berpengaruh Tehadap Kwalitas Komponen Makronutrien ASI. J Heal Sci (Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan). 2019;4(2):1–7.

Syeda B, Agho K, Wilson L, Maheshwari GK, Raza MQ. Relationship between breastfeeding duration and undernutrition conditions among children aged 0–3 Years in Pakistan. Int J Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2020;

Hendra AL Rahmad A, Miko A, Novita R. Kajian Stunting pada Anak Balita Ditinjau dari Pemberian ASI Eksklusif , MP-ASI , Status Imunisasi dan Karakteristik Keluarga di Kota Banda Aceh. Nasuwakes Poltekkes NAD. 2010;

Sirajuddin, Asbar R, Nursalim, Tamrin A. Breastfeeding practices can potential to prevent stunting for poor family. Enferm Clin. 2020;

Sinaga SJ, D IV KSNW. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting pada balita di Kelurahan Langensari Kabupaten Semarang. Skripsi) Semarang Sekol Tinggi Ilmu Kesehat Ngadi Waluyo Semarang. 2016;

Anugraheni HS, Kartasurya MI. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN STUNTING PADA ANAK USIA 12-36 BULAN DI KECAMATAN PATI, KABUPATEN PATI. J Nutr Coll. 2012;

Anisa P. Faktor-faktor Yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Stunting pada Balita Usia 25-60 Bulan di Kelurahan Kalibaru Depok Tahun 2012. Univ Indones. 2012;

Uwiringiyimana V, Ocké MC, Amer S, Veldkamp A. Predictors of stunting with particular focus on complementary feeding practices: A cross-sectional study in the northern province of Rwanda. Nutrition. 2019;

Horta B., Victora C. Short-term effects of breastfeeding: a systematic review on the benefits of breastfeeding on diarrhoea and pneumonia mortality. World Heal Organ. 2013;

Kumar A, Singh VK. A Study of Exclusive Breastfeeding and its impact on Nutritional Status of Child in EAG States. J Stat Appl Probab An Int J. 2015;

Esfarjani F, Roustaee R, Mohammadi F, Esmaillzadeh A. Determinants of stunting in school-aged children of Tehran, Iran. Int J Prev Med. 2013;4(2):173.

Fenske N, Burns J, Hothorn T, Rehfuess EA. Understanding child stunting in India: a comprehensive analysis of socio-economic, nutritional and environmental determinants using additive quantile regression. PLoS One. 2013;8(11):e78692.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34008/jurhesti.v5i1.174

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) View - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License