Hubungan Klasifikasi Perokok dengan Kesehatan Jaringan Periodontal Masyarakat yang Merokok di Pulau Harapan diukur dengan Skor CIPTN

Baby Prabowo, Triyawati Rosida, Hidayati Ahmad

Abstract


The Ministry of Health in Alamsyah, (2017) states that smoking behavior is an activity of burning one of the tobacco products, then smoking or inhaling the smoke, including clove cigarettes, white cigarettes, cigars or other forms produced from the nicotina tabacum, nicotina rustica and other species. The classification of smokers consists of: light smokers (1-4 cigarettes/day), moderate smokers (5-14 cigarettes/day), heavy smokers (> 15 cigarettes/day). This study was conducted to obtain an overview of the health of the periodontal tissue in people who smoke on the island of Harapan. Data were collected by classifying smokers and intra-oral examination of CPITN on every community who smoked on the island of Harapan whose results were recorded on the examination sheet. This examination was carried out in January 2020. The data were analyzed by Univariate and Bivariate. Based on the results of research on male smokers in Harapan Island, Seribu Islands region, it can be concluded that there are no smokers who have a score of 0 or have healthy periodontal tissue. In the category of moderate smokers, the highest number of CIPTN 2 scores or had tartar on the sub gingiva was 9 people (52.9%), while in the heavy smoker group the highest score also had CIPTN 2 scores or had tartar on the sub gingiva as many as 18 people (48,6%). The statistical test results obtained P = 0.029 where the P value <0.05, it can be concluded that there is a difference in the proportion of the classification of smokers to the state of the periodontal tissue calculated based on the CIPTN status or there is a significant relationship between the classification of smokers and the state of the periodontal tissue calculated by the CIPTN score).


Keywords


Periodontal, Jaringan, Perokok, Gigi, Kesgilut

Full Text:

PDF

References


. Aji, dkk. (2015). Isolasi Nikotin Dari Puntung Rokok Sebagai Infektisida. Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal. Vol. 4 No. 2

. Alamsyah, dkk. (2012). Hubungan Kebiasaan Merokok Dengan Status Jaringan Periodontal Tukang Becak di Sekitar Kampus USU Medan. Dentika Dental Jurnal. Vol. 17 No. 2

. Alamsyah & Nopianto. (2017). Determinasi Perilaku Merokok Pada Remaja. Journal Endurance. Vol. 2 No. 1

. Ambarwati, dkk. (2014). Media leaflet, video dan pengetahuan siswa SD tentang bahaya merokok. Jurnal kesehatan masyarakat. Vol. 10 no. 7-13

. Binita, dkk. (2016). Hubungan Persepsi Merokok Dengan Tipe Perilaku Merokok Pada Siswa SMK “X” di Kota Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. Vol. 4 No. 5

. Hongini, Siti Yundali. (2012). Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut. Bandung : Pustaka Reka Cipta

. Kemenkes. (2018). Riskesdas Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut. (Online). https://depkes.go.id/resources/download/infoterkini/materi_rakopop_2018/hasil%20Riskesdas%202018.pdf. Diakses pada 29 Oktober 2019

. Kusuma, A.R.P. (2010). Pengaruh merokok terhadap kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Jurnal cermin dunia kedokteran. No. 34 Vol. 365

. Nelis, dkk, (2015). Hubungan Kebiasaan Merokok Dengan Status Kesehatan Jaringan Periodontal. Dental Journal. Vol. 4 Hal. 23-25

. Novitasari, dkk. (2018). Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan siswa SMA Negeri Manado Tentang Dampak Merokok Bagi Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut. Jurnal e-Gigi. Vol. 2 No. 2

. Notoatmodjo. (2018). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta

. Nujanah, dkk. (2014). Gangguan Fungsi Paru dan Kadar Continine Pada Urin Karyawan yang Terpapar Asap Rokok Orang Lain. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. Vol. 10 Hal. 1

. Putri, M. H. (2015). Ilmu Pencegahan Penyakit Jaringan Keras Dan Jaringan Pendukung Gigi. Jakarta : EGC

. Saptorini & Kusuma. (2013). Poket Periodontal Pada Buruh Perokok. Stomatognatic (J. K. G Unej). Vol. 10 Hal. 67 – 70

. Sujarweni, Wiratna. V. (2014). Metodologi Penelitian Keperawatan. Yogyakarta : Gava Media

. Tyas, dkk. (2016). Gambaran Penyakit Periodontal Pada Usia Dewasa Muda (15 – 30 tahun) di Puskesmas Srondol Kota Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. Vol. 4 No. 4

. Tambunan, dkk. (2015). Gambaran Penyakit Periodontal pada Penderita Diabetes Millitus di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat. Jurnal e-gigi. Vol. 3 No. 2

. WHO, 2015. Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS): Indonesia report 2014, Availableat:http://www.searo.who.int/tobacco/documents/ino_gyts_report_2014.pdf.

. Zubardiah, Lies. (2011). Jaringan Periodonsium Anatomis, Klinis, Dan Histologis. Jakarta : EGC




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34008/jurhesti.v5i2.195

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF View - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License