HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK DAN TEKANAN SOSIAL DENGAN PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN PENULARAN HIV/AIDS PADA WBP DI LAPAS KELAS IIA PADANG

Sri Mindayani, Hilda Hidayat

Abstract


Data on the prevalence of Biological Integrated Surveillance and Behavior of the Ministry of Health in 2011 found that the prevalence of HIV and syphilis among prisoners was 3% and 5%. Penitentiary (Lapas) Class IIA Padang is one of the Penitentiary in West Sumatra Province that has HIV / AIDS cases. There are risky behaviors that cause WBP at risk of being infected with HIV/AIDS. This study aims to determine the behavior of prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission in WBP at the Padang II Class IIA Penitentiary in 2018. This type of research is analytical with a cross sectional design. This research was conducted from January - September 2018 Penitentiary Class IIA Padang. The study population numbered 1375 people and the number of samples was 94 people. Sampling is done by simple random sampling technique. Primary data collection is done by interviewing techniques using a questionnaire. Data analysis included univariate analysis and bivariate analysis. The results of the study indicate a relationship between social pressure, and the behavior of prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission in WBP in Padang Class IIA Prison. The results of the study also showed no relationship between age, education, ethnicity. It is recommended that officers from the Penitentiary need to collaborate with relevant stakeholders, such as the Padang City Health Office, to conduct direct monitoring of WBP who are still using narcotics. There needs to be an increase in the socialization of prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission in the Penitentiary Class IIA Padang.Keywords: Characteristics, Social Pressure, Behavior, HIV/AIDS

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arwam, HMZ. Ahmad, AH. Ali Gufron, M. Jozh Mansoden. Perilaku dan Risiko Penyakit HIV AIDS di Masyarakat Papua Studi Pengembangan Model Lokal Kebijakan HIV–AIDS. Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan. Artikel Penelitian Volume 13, 04 Desember 2010, Halaman 206-219

Hardani, R. 2013. Hubungan Persepsi Siswa Dikmata TNI AL dengan Perilaku Beresiko Penularan HIV/AIDS pada Prajurit TNI AL Di Kobangdikal Tahun 2013. Diakses dari www.journal.unair.ac.id/download-fullpapers-ijchn1050f985bbfull.pdf pada tanggal 12 Agustus 2018

Hasyim, A.W. 2010. Dampak Faktor Personal dan Tekanan Sosial pada Niat Perempuan untuk Memilih (Vote). Diakses dari www.ejournal. unkhair.ac.id pada tanggal 12 Agustus 2018

Hudaniah. 2009. Psikologi Sosial. Malang. UMM Press

Isniati. 2013. Kesehatan Modern dengan Nuansa Budaya. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 7 No. 1 September 2012-Maret 2013

Kemenkes RI, 2014. Infodatin: Situasi dan Analisis HIV AIDS. Diakses dari: http://www.depkes.go.id pada tanggal 12 Mei 2017

Notoatmodjo, S.. 2012. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta

Priyoto. 2014. Teori Sikap dan Perilaku dalam Kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika

Purba, E.K.A., dkk. 2011. Pengaruh Karakteristik Penghuni Lapas terhadap Tindakan Berisiko HIV/AIDS di Lapas Kelas IIB Lubuk Pakam. Diakses dari: http://www.download.portalgaruda.org pada tanggal 10 Mei 2017

Ramdhani. 2011. Penyusunan Alat Pengukur Berbasis Theory of Planned Behavior. Buletin Psikologi. Volume 11 Nomor 2 Tahun 2011. Diakses dari www.jurnal.ugm.ac.id tanggal 12 Agustus 2018

Yowel dkk. Umur Orang HIV / AIDS dan ODHA Berhubungan dengan Tindakan Pencegahan Penularan HIV. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, Volume 19 No.3, November 2016, hal 200-207 pISSN 1410-4490, eISSN 2354-9203 DOI : 10.7454/jki.v19i3.473




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34008/jurhesti.v3i2.42

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License